At the same time, increased trade and communication relationships contribute to a catastrophe in the periphery directly affect major economic centers. May be included within this category to other medical disasters such as epidemics, pandemics, etc. Like natural disasters, the effects of these phenomena may determine important changes in interstate relations. Even if bird flu does not spread as expected, both the pre-emptive move as the money invested in insurance, consulting and disruptions to trade, expressing the sensitivity and interaction between actors in the economy and health. Among the effects produced by these phenomena can be found from a substantial reduction in cross-border trade of food to a drop in air passenger traffic which, considering the links between large transnational conglomerates and financial markets could generate speculation that eventually lead to the bankruptcy of many companies.

Material and economic losses generated by these disasters can shake (almost) any economy. To the extent that these phenomena recur more often and their magnitudes reach supernatural dimensions (as evidenced by the current trend) should be considered the occurrence of a change in the geopolitical and economic distribution of world power, but what kind of change From a vision of political economy, natural disasters in developing countries exporting food, could severely affect the import of the first world economies, forcing them to seek other suppliers with the consequent costs involved. They decades and the demands of developing countries whose economies rely exclusively on primary products (often only one or two products) for obstacles to free market.

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