December Calendar

At the end of the 20-day cycle continues through rooms days (until it reaches 13), and the period begins anew, again comes Imish. There are several hypotheses trying to explain why the Mayan Tzolkin chosen for a period of 260 days. Some are inclined to the hypothesis that this period coincides with the time of maturation of the human embryo in the womb, while others relate this cycle with synodic period of the motion of Mars, etc. Mayan sacred calendar called the Tzolkin, daruyuschim ordinary mortals the opportunity to interact with the forces of the universe. Along with the Tzolkin, Maya introduced a different calendar – Haab, is sunny and containing 365 days a year. Haab was the basis of civic life of the Maya, it focused during agricultural work.

Year in the Haab has 19 months each which consists of 20 days. The last nineteen months included only five days, which did not have names. This month was called Vayeb and inserted in order to accurately reflect the maximum calendar year solar cycle. Some scientists believe that such a calendar is basically guided by the movement of all five planets, and therefore more accurately approximate the tropical year than the Gregorian calendar. The discrepancy with the solar year is only 20 seconds. To measure long periods of time used so-called Mayan Long Count, which was produced using a selection of special periods. The smallest unit of a long account is considered Kin (day).

Among other units can uinal (20 days), tun (360 days), katun (7,200 days), baktun (144000 days). Thus, according to the laws of the Long Count, the greatest period of 13 baktuns, which equates to 1,872,000 days or 5,125 years. If we take into account that one cycle, which is currently ongoing began on August 13 3114 BC, its completion will be the date – December 21, 2012. There are many interpretations of the end of this cycle, some even believe that in this day must come to an end. Less than a marginal opinion is that on Dec. 21, 2012 – is only the beginning of a new era, which will be called the Fifth Sun. However, still many unsolved mysteries, which carries a his amazing Mayan calendar, and probably the key to their understanding will be found not soon …

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